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A Resesarch Of Negative And Positive Sides Of Drugs Legalization

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What is the first thing that comes to mind when you see the word ‘drug’? Imagine if drugs were legalized in your state. How do you think that would affect your life and those around you? In a journal by Mary Barna Bridgeman and Daniel T. Abazia, titled Medicinal Cannabis, explains that for centuries, marijuana has been used medicinally and recreationally. In the ancient world, dating back to 400 AD, cannabis was first used in medicine and in the 19th and early 20th century cannabis was widely utilized as patent medicine. However, it soon fell under great scrutiny with the passing of the Bogs and Narcotics Control Act. Quickly following the prohibition under federal law, the United States faced social problems due to substance abuse and dangers to health, the United States implemented the prohibition of alcohol. The prohibition did not solve the problem, but only led to more abuse and black market sales. Correspondingly, with the prohibition of alcohol, prohibition of drugs forces organized crime, illegal drug trade and illegal drug farms. Though marijuana holds stigma for its recreational use, scientists and activists continue to push for its advantages in treating mental and physical problems.

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While marijuana is commonly known as a substance having a negative physiological effect when injected into the body, what happens when marijuana more widely used to treat health problems? Ryan Cooper, writer of the article Legalize all drugs, explains that there are ways to combat drug abuse and allow society to have the opportunity to take advantage of the positive benefits of marijuana. In the informative guide Marijuana and Cancer, by American Cancer Society, the source claims that marijuana can be used to treat symptoms of cancer with little consequence. Marijuana is said to have no chance of any permanent health complications, though marijuana may result in temporary side effects such as increased heart rate, decreased blood pressure, dizziness, and fainting.

Despite the negative connotation surrounding the use of marijuana, studies purport the existent benefits of utilizing these drugs medicinally and recreationally. Marijuana’s ability to successfully treat health problems, eliminate criminal marketplace, and its inability to solve social problems justifies its legalization. Recent studies suggest recreational cannabis can serve in place of traditional medicine in treating major health problems and disorders. The American Cancer Society (ACS) states “The American Cancer Society supports the need for more scientific research on cannabinoids for cancer patients, and recognizes the need for better and more effective therapies that can overcome the often debilitating side effects of cancer and its treatment”. Additionally, the ACS’ finding indicate inhalation of marijuana alleviates nausea, vomiting from chemotherapy, and neuropathic pain. With these present benefits, I believe scientists should utilize the calming abilities marijuana possess and incorporate them into modern medicinal uses.

In other words, The ACS emphasises that cannabis does not have any negative side effects and can be utilized for treatment of cancer. By focusing on the use of marijuana for cancer treatment, The American Cancer Society overlooks the deeper problem of the harmful effects of drugs on people of young age. I believe that marijuana could adopt a positive function, a point that needs emphasizing because so many people believe marijuana causes health issues and cancer. Although I agree with The American Cancer Society up to a point, I cannot accept the overall conclusion that drugs don’t come without drug abuse. The ACS argues that aleviations to cancer and its treatments could be developed with the legalization of marijuana. These conclusions, which the ACS discusses in cancer treatment, add weight to the argument that treatments to some health issues cannot be relieved with the medicine we have now. Recent studies like these have shed new light on societal views of drug practices. The ACS is addressing the larger matter at which society is needing drugs, such as marijuana, as alternatives to traditional medicine for more complicated health issues.

The current status of artisanal cannabis for the treatment of epilepsy in the United States, by Dustin Sulak, Russell Saneto and Bonni Goldstein, have offered insight on the medical use of cannabis for epilepsy and seizure disorders. The authors report that though many medicines have been developed to counteract seizures, the percentage of intractable seizures remain the same. Additionally, the authors complain that “The media coverage of cannabis use in epilepsy and heterogeneous state-level classification of medical cannabis use has clouded the usual requirement for rigorous scientific investigation and clinical trial pathway of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for drug approval. ” It is my position that scientists can utilize cannabis to treat epilepsy. In other words, the authors believe that the use of cannabis in epilepsy makes it hard for the Food and Drug Administration to approve the drug use. By focusing on the medical aspect of drug use, the authors overlook the problem of the sales of cannabis on the black market and illegal farming. The author’s article is extremely useful because it sheds light on the difficult problem of the process of legalizing drugs. The authors argue that because the use of cannabis in epilepsy, FDA will not approve its drug use, leading into an impediment for medical treatments. The authors overlook what I consider the important point about illegal drug sales and farms. The article addresses additional medical uses of cannabis in medicine which had not been brought to light. These findings have important consequences for the broader domain of solving health issues and progressing in medication development.

Furthermore, in a recent journal by Mohammad Hajizadeh Legalizing and Regulating Marijuana in Canada: Review of Potential Economic, Social, and Health Impacts states that legalizing cannabis allows economic and social benefits. Mohammad argues that legalizing cannabis regularizes the use and distribution of cannabis. In Mohammad’s view “Legalization can address some of the social problems associated with the black market for marijuana such as unsafe environments created by the illegal distribution of the drug and the negative consequences of criminal labeling for possession of small amounts of marijuana. ” I’ve always considered that the regulations of cannabis distributions would lead to safer uses in society. The essence of Mohammad’s argument is that black market causes unregularized distribution of cannabis, which leads to unsafe environments and dangers to society, but if the government oversees the distribution of cannabis society would function safer. By focusing on the regulations of cannabis distribution Mohammad overlooks the individual benefits of legalization. I agree that drug distribution should be overlooked by the government because it allows a more professional and consistent opinion on cannabis. Though I concede that drug distribution would benefit society, I still insist that drug prohibition causes more problems than it solves. Indeed it’s highly likely that if the government regulated cannabis then public health would improve.

Mohammad overlooks what I consider an important point about the problems prohibition causes. Recent journals like these shed a new light on the public health, which in previous journals have not addressed. Mohammad’s concerns are important because it considered public health. Similarly, in the recent work by Neil Boyd “Is this the end of the black market for marijuana?” suggests that the black market brings violence and untaxed revenue. Boyd believes that the lift on the drug prohibition would eliminate violence, untaxed revenue and lessen the access to youth. Boyd states “to eliminate the blackmarket, with its occasional violence and untaxed revenues, and to reduce access to youth. ” I’ve always believed that the elimination of the blackmarket benefits society more than the prohibition of drugs. Boyd’s point is that the blackmarket is a parasite towards the US government and the removal of the blackmarket benefits both the people and the government. I think Boyd is mistaken because he doesn’t use any reasons other than government benefits. Boyd is right about the youth access to drugs, because recent studies have shown in the mid 1970’s there as been over 40,000 convictions of marijuana annually. Although I agree to Boyd up to a certain point, I cannot accept the overall conclusion that Boyd doesn’t provide enough reasoning in his article. Boyd argues that the legislature is working to remove the black market to provide a safer environment to the youth and increase tax revenue. Boyd over looks what I consider an important point about the medical and individual benefits of lifting the prohibition. These findings challenge the previous work of earlier articles, who tend to assume that lifting drug restrictions don’t affect the black market. Boyd’s matter is important because he reasons with the benefits of removing drug prohibition economically and socially.

Another reason for drug legalization is that the prohibition of drugs causes more societal problems. A number of articles have recently suggested that the violence between cops and citizens are increasing due to war on drugs. Colleen Curry writes in Want to Stop Crime? Legalize Drugs, Says Police Organization suggests that war on drugs causes more violence and hardships between cops and civilians. In Curry’s view “The enormous amount of money and resources spent on drug arrests has distracted police from working real crime cases, and the practice of treating everyone in drug-plagued communities as a criminal has led to more dangerous conflicts between police and citizens. ” My belief was always that prohibition on drugs interferes with the natural flow of how society naturally solves problems. Basically Curry is saying that prohibition of drugs not only cause problems for society but also causes problems for police investigation on more important matters. I think Curry is mistaken because he overlooks how citizens do not know how to use drugs correctly and in result hurting themselves. I agree that drug prohibition is one of the reasons for social turmoil, a point that needs emphasising because so many people believe that drugs is what causes social turmoil. Although Curry does not bring to light the debilitating aspects of drug prohibition laws, I agree with the argument of drugs causing societal problems. Curry is right that drug prohibition is causing more social unrest and problems.

These conclusions, which Curry discusses in drugs increase crime and violence between cops and citizens, add weight to the argument that drug prohibition does not solve social problems. Recent articles like this introduce new reasons of persuasion to legalize drugs, which previous articles have not addressed. Curry’s matter is important because it brings out the problems within society in the perspective of law enforcers. Likewise, in a recent report suggests drug prohibition negatively affecting society. The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) believes that society incorrectly use of drugs leads to spread of diseases. ACLU expounds “When drugs are illegal, the government cannot enact standards of quality, purity or potency. Consequently, street drugs are often contaminated or extremely potent, causing disease and sometimes death to those who use them. ” I’ve always believed that government intervention will sometimes result in a negative impact on society. The ACLU’s point is that the government’s interference with drug use cause more harm than good. ACLU claims that incorrect use of drugs bring upon diseases and even death that rests upon the questionable assumption that all drug users carry diseases and incorrectly use drugs. ACLU’s proposal is extremely useful because it sheds some inside on the difficult problem of the government non regulation of drug usage. Although I agree with ACLU up to a certain point, I cannot accept the overall conclusion that they don’t include any other reasons such as medical usage and illegal smuggling. ACLU overlooks what I consider important about the medical benefits and the prevention of illegal and violent smuggling. These findings challenge society’s common assumption that drug prohibition solves societal problems. The discussion of ACLU is addressing the fact that the US government are the root source of the problems relating to the use of cannabis.

Of course, many will probably disagree with this assertion that drugs should not be legalized. Nevertheless, both followers and critics of. . . will probably argue that recreational use of cannabis is self destructive. Some will say “Impossible” and “You must be reading the research selectively”. Proponents are right to argue “‘Recreational’ is a bike ride, a swim, going to the beach,” he said. “Using a drug to put your brain in an altered state is not recreation. That is self-destructive behavior and escapism”. However they exaggerate when they claim about the self destructive capabilities of cannabis, cannabis has many beneficial uses to major health problems such as cancer and epilepsy.

It is clear that drug prohibition causes more problems than it was intended to solve. Cannabis has benefits to the medical field to treat cancer and epilepsy. Also, the restriction on cannabis leads to an increase on black market participants and economic decrease due to untaxed revenue. On the same lines, the original prohibition of drugs was to regulate the control of cannabis and protect public health, but in reality it did the opposite. As a result, due to the effect of cannabis on medical treatment, elimination of the black market, and inability to solve social problems, drug prohibition should be lifted.

Works Cited

  1. “Against Drug Prohibition. ” American Civil Liberties Union,www. aclu. org/other/against-drug-prohibition.
  2. Chilkoti, Avantika. “States Keep Saying Yes to Marijuana Use. Now Comes the Federal No. ” T he New York Times, The New York Times, 15 July 2017, www. nytimes. com/2017/07/15/us/politics/marijuana-laws-state-federal. html.
  3. Cooper, Ryan. “Legalize All Drugs. ” The Week, 30 Oct. 2015, www. theweek. com/articles/585923/legalize-all-drugs.
  4. Curry, Colleen. “Want to Stop Crime? Legalize Drugs, Says Police Organization. ” VICE News, 27 May 2015, www. news. vice. com/article/want-to-stop-crime-legalize-drugs-says-police-organization.
  5. Bridgeman, Mary Barna, and Daniel T. Abazia. “Medicinal Cannabis: History, Pharmacology, And Implications for the Acute Care Setting. ” Pharmacy and Therapeutics, MediMedia USA, Inc. , Mar. 2017, www. ncbi. nlm. nih. gov/pmc/articles/PMC5312634/.
  6. Hajizadeh, Mohammad. “Legalizing and Regulating Marijuana in Canada: Review of Potential Economic, Social, and Health Impacts. ” International Journal of Health Policy and Management, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Aug. 2016, www. ncbi. nlm. nih. gov/pmc/articles/PMC4968247/.
  7. Ingraham, Christopher. ‘Following marijuana legalization, teen drug use is down in Colorado. ‘ Washington Post, 11 Dec. 2017. Infotrac Newsstand, http://link. galegroup. com/apps/doc/A518395711/STND?u=j101907011&sid=STND&xid=f5ca1844. Accessed 25 Jan. 2018.
  8. Ingraham, Christopher. “The Marijuana Industry Created More than 18,000 New Jobs in Colorado Last Year. ” The Washington Post, WP Company, 27 Oct. 2016, www. washingtonpost. com/news/wonk/wp/2016/10/27/the-marijuana-industry-created-over-18000-new-jobs-in-colorado-last-year/?utm_term=. c144a42cf279
  9. Lopez, German. “Marijuana Is Legal for Medical Purposes in 29 States. ” Vox, 27 Mar. 2014, www. vox. com/cards/marijuana-legalization/what-is-medical-marijuana.
  10. McKinley, Carol. “Colorado’s War on Black Market Weed. ” Daily Beast, 25 Mar. 2017, www. thedailybeast. com/colorados-war-on-black-market-weed. “Marijuana and Cancer. ” American Cancer Society, www. cancer. org/treatment/treatments-and-side-effects/complementary-and-alternative-medicine/marijuana-and-cancer. html.
  11. Sulak, Dustin, et al. “Epilepsy & Behavior. ” The Current Status of Artisanal Cannabis for the Treatment of Epilepsy in the United States, 17 Dec. 2016, pp. 1–6. , doi:https://www. projectcbd. org/sites/projectcbd/files/downloads/the_current_status_of_artisanal_cannabis_for_the_treatment_of_epilepsy_in_the_united_states. pdf.
10 December 2020

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