Conflict Between America And Japan: Atomic Bomb
Hiroshima is a city in southwest Honshu, On August 6, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima., Japan, on the Inland Sea west of Osaka. America and Japan were big countries in the world from now and before, after Hiroshima happened and America attacked Japan there was good relationship between each other, rather than they exchange their relation by diplomacy way. Japan and the United States have strengthened exchange in all kinds of fields, including politics, economics, and culture, and forged the friendly and cooperative relations that exist today. The relationship between Japan and the United States of America properly began in 1853 with the arrival in Japan’s Urara Bay of the black ships commanded by Commodore Matthew Perry, Shortly before the US dropped two atomic bombs on Japan, the United Stated showered the Japanese cities of Nagasaki, Hiroshima, and 33 other potential targets with over 5 million leaflets warning civilians of the impending attack. On August 6, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima. Hiroshima is a city of southwest Honshu, Japan, on the Inland Sea west of Osaka. The bomb was known as 'Little Boy', a uranium gun-type bomb that exploded with about 13 kilotons of force. At the time of the bombing, Hiroshima was home to nearly 280,000-290,000 civilians as well as 43,000 soldiers at that time. Between 90,000 and 166,000 people are believed to have died from the bomb in the four-month period following the explosion. And in the conflict between America and Japan.
Significance of the study
Countries in the world and conflicts between each of them, America and Japan before the Hiroshima happened and also after and Hiroshima event, step by step, also we will explain the causes and result. Of Hiroshima event.
The Aims or objective of the study
The aim or goal in this essay to show the big conflict between America and Japan and to analyze some questions about this event in 1945, Then I will try to write the fundamental causes and all effects of the Hiroshima, but before that I will explain this event by generally from the start to present time, and then I will focus on the people's view about this event and America behavior that America attracted Japan.
Statement of the problem and the question(s) of the study
The main hypothesis is that if Hiroshima never happened, it means if America didn’t attack japan what thing will be changed, and how will be the relationship between each of them, as we maintained before that, there was a strong relationship between each of them, bat after Hiroshima happened, it made a bad psychological for civilian people and also a more than thousand people died in this event, and also it breaks the relationship between each of them, also it had bad effects, especially in economic and health but if Hiroshima didn’t happen that strong relationships will be continued and until now they will exchange their relationship between each of them.
The kind of methods that I use it is qualitative like analyzing all these events from the start to finish but because my title research was a history that’s why I Oslo in some paragraphs I will use the quantitative like year and data to support my speech and to enrich my research and also to be perfect.
Also, I will use some secondary sources to support my data and speak because alright this research is history and there is a lot of sites journal, and articles that they have sources about it that’s why I use primary sources.
Also, this event happened in the history in 1995 and also we explained before that time too, that’s why our subject it located in history study circle and I used years and history dates
Limitations of the study
Around this research, there were a lot of problems, as we know that when we want to write an essay and research we need to have more than ten academic sources to support our essay and research, about my subject research there are some sources but all of them they repeated the same thing about Hiroshima event and some of them are not official, and we need to have a lot of time to find an academic sites journals to support your subject and to enrich your research.
The structure of the study
Before this event happened there were some problems and historical conflicts that there were accused to made this event, around this research we have four chapters in the first chapter we introduced our research plan and our aim also we introduce this event by generally and the relationship between America and Japan before Hiroshima event, In the next we will have three chapters and we explain this event step by step from the start to finish and the causes and historical conflicts between these two countries and the effects of this event on them, like the economy, health and psychology and at the end of this research we will write a short conclusion and we will write on it this event by generally and the important sentences on it to show the causes and conflicts and the result between to big countries in the world at last century.
The relationship between Japan and American before Hiroshima:
The relationship between Japan and the United States of America properly began in 1853 with the arrival in Japan’s Urara Bay of the black ships commanded by Commodore Matthew Perry, which was followed by the signing of the U.S. - Japan Treaty of Peace and Amity in 1854. Since their initial encounters to the present, overcoming various trials, Japan and the United States have strengthened exchange in all kinds of fields, including politics, economics, and culture, and forged the friendly and cooperative relations that exist today. Despite the fact that the international community has experienced drastic change and faced a variety of challenges, Japan and the United States have maintained a positive alliance due to their shared values of freedom, democracy, and a market economy. Though the two countries with such differences in history and culture currently have a friendship and basic trust in each other, their relationship in the first half of the 20th century was far from stable.
The period between WWI and WWII was a chaotic time for the world. The actions taken by the Japanese in World War II were arguably a direct result of the relationship that had developed between the United States and Japan between WWI and WWII. The major events that shaped this relationship were the incidents occurring in China, instabilities within the Japanese government, and the actions taken by the United States toward Japan. Throughout the 1920s and 1930s, the fragile world established in the aftermath of WWI suffered a series of devastating economic, political, and military blows. Although actual fighting in WWII seemed inevitable for the Americans, there were actions taken by the United States to try to stay out of the conflict. The U.S. attempted to avoid conflict in the Pacific by allowing the Japanese to conquer some nations in Southeast Asia without any military defense. However, the relationship between the United States and Japan quickly took a turn for the worse.
Why did Americans choose Hiroshima?
Hiroshima was chosen because it had not been targeted during the US Air Force's conventional bombing raids on Japan, and was therefore regarded as being a suitable place to test the effects of an atomic bomb. It was also an important military base. The Allies feared that any conventional attempt to invade the Japanese home islands would result in enormous casualties, and the bomb was seen as a way of bringing the war against Japan to a swift conclusion. In addition, it may also have been a way of demonstrating American military superiority over the Soviet Union.
During WW2, Germany was on one side with the likes of Italy and Japan (against China and US islands in the Pacific) while Britain and the US with some other European nations called (Alliance) were on the other side. After Japan attacked, the US opened a front against Japan to fight them. And towards the end of the war, when the Alliance was in the ascendancy and winning the war, Japan could not cope with the increasing US attacks and there was no help from Germany because it too was losing. Then the US deployed the first atomic bombs in history over Japan because the Japanese were not ready to surrender (though some leaders thought they should by that time). And it quickly became all the more clear to them that it was the end. So long story short, Japan's attraction against the US and persistent will to carry on war lead to them being bombed over Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Was Japan going to surrender before the bombs?
Japanese leadership said the bomb forced them to surrender because it was less embarrassing to say they had been defeated by a miracle weapon. Americans wanted to believe it, and the myth of nuclear weapons was born base. Nuclear weapons shocked Japan into surrendering at the end of World War II—except they didn’t. Japan surrendered because the Soviet Union enter the war.
Shortly before the US dropped two atomic bombs on Japan, the United Stated showered the Japanese cities of Nagasaki, Hiroshima, and 33 other potential targets with over 5 million leaflets warning civilians of the impending attack. An American-controlled radio station on Saipan was broadcasting a similar message to the Japanese people every 15 minutes. Five days after the fliers were distributed; Hiroshima was destroyed by the “Little Boy” atomic device.
Why did the US drop the bomb?
[bookmark: why-Hiroshima] US President Harry Truman and allies demanded In July 1945, the 'immediate and unconditional'Japans sure, but Japan did not issue a clear response. Shortly after, the US attacked Hiroshima, which was seen as a strategically sound target due to weather conditions, aircraft range, military impact, and moral impact upon the enemy.
The bombing in 1945, it was a crime against humanity, still, others argue that perhaps the first bomb used against Hiroshima was justified but that the second used against Nagasaki. About the main reasons for the use of the bombs by the United States. First, some historians thought that World War II was a multi-theater war with major fighting operations occurring in both the European Theater of war and the Pacific Theater of war. While the European Theater of the war ended in early 1945 with the defeat of Germany's Nazi party. The fighting in the Pacific Theater of the war was brutal and made Japan a particularly difficult enemy to defeat. Although the United States by 1945 had successfully pushed back the Japanese forces to the main islands of Japan, the war still lingered. At the time, it was argued that the war could last months, if the United States was to carry out a land invasion of the Japanese home islands. In the end, the United States used the first atomic bomb against the Japanese city of Hiroshima on the 6th, of Aug 1945, and the second against Nagasaki on the 9th, of Aug the same year. The quickness of these two bombings caused the leadership of Japan to announce the country's surrender shortly after with the formal surrender taking place on September 2nd, 1945. As a result, many historians argue that the use of the atomic bombs was necessary and justified as a means of ending World War II as quickly as possible. Ending the war as quickly as possible was seen as a positive because it finished the brutal fighting that had devastated so many. The second reason why some were in favor of the use of the atomic bombs was that it potentially saved the lives of millions of people. For instance, it was estimated that it would cost the lives of no more than one million American soldiers to continue the war.it would have been the largest amphibious attack in human history. , and the expectation that the Americans would not only be fighting the Armies of Japan but rather than a hostile civilian population who sought to protect their land.
Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki – 1945
The big bomb was known as 'Little Boy', a uranium gun-type bomb that exploded with about 13 kilotons of force. At the time of the bombing, Hiroshima was home to (280,000-290,000) civilians as well as forty-three thousand soldiers. Between 90 and 166 thousand of people are believed to have died from the bomb in the four-month period following the explosion. The U.S. Department of Energy has estimated that after 5 years there were perhaps 200,000 or more fatalities as a result of the bombing, while the Hiroshima city has estimated that 237,000 people were killed directly or indirectly by the bomb's effects, including burns. Three days after the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, a second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki on August nine to a twenty-one-kiloton plutonium device known as 'Fat Man.” Nagasaki is the c and the largest town of Nagasaki Prefecture on the island of Kyushu in Japan. On the day of the bombing, an estimated 263,000 were in Nagasaki, including 240,000 Japanese residents, 9,000 Japanese soldiers, and 400 prisoners of war. Prior to August 9, Nagasaki had been the target of small-scale bombing by the United States. Though the damage from these bombings was relatively small, it made considerable concern in Nagasaki and many people were evacuated to rural areas for safety, thus reducing the population in the city at the time of the nuclear attack. It is estimated that between (40,000 and 75,000) people died immediately following the atomic explosion, while another 60,000 people suffered severe injuries. Total deaths by the end of 1945 may have reached 80,000.