Defects In A Successful Country Of Deutschland

In this era of globalization, most of the world's readers already know that Germany is known as "Deutschland". Deutschland is one of the most industrialized countries to increase self-sufficiency and can boost their own economy in a short time. That's why Deutschland is known to be one of the most industrialized countries. Hence, the country can also become more developed as Deutschland’s developments in terms of science and technology, especially in manufacturing, have improved consistently from time to time. Because of that, Germany has been known as one of the richest and most powerful countries. The success and wealth of the country is so great that we do not see things that are important like "people". With this issue, it is one of the biggest challenges facing rich and sophisticated countries today is the socioeconomic inequality. So, what makes the difference between the rich and poor person? Before we discuss this issue deeply, it is best that we first know about Germany itself.

The Geographical of Germany

Germany has another name 'Deutschland'. Deutschland is in the centre of Europe and the seventh largest country in Europe. It is located between the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, which is between the Netherlands and Poland, South of Denmark. Baltic Sea is hillier with several jagged cliffs, Meanwhile, the North Sea coastline is low, with dikes, mudflats and marshy wet land. In addition, Deutschland has a very long river that is the Rhine river. In geographic coordinates is 51 00 N, 9 00 E. The unified Germany has an area of 357,021 square kilometres, for land is 349,223 square and for water which is 7,798 square kilometres. Montana is slightly smaller than Germany. The total land boundaries are 3,621 kilometres while border countries is from Austria 784 kilometres, Belgium 167 kilometres, Czech Republic 646 kilometres, Denmark 68 kilometres, France 451 kilometres, Luxembourg 138 kilometres, Poland 456 kilometres and Switzerland 334 kilometres. In the aspect of natural resources for Germany is in terms of coal, lignite, natural gas, iron ore, copper, nickel and so on. The historical of Germany. When Hitler was the chancellor, the simple economic recovery from 1924 to 1929 gave the Weimar Republic a brief respite.

However, the severely social pressures that have been inflicted by the Great Depression. The tragedy, it has increased the vote received by extreme anti-democratic parties in the 1930 elections and two elections in 1932. The government ruled by an emergency order. In January 1933, prominent conservative politicians formed a new kingdom with a widower named Hitler as chancellor. They intend to utilize it and its party, the National Socialist Social Workers Party, or the Nazis. And now it is the largest country, to realize their own goal of replacing the republic's government with a prestigious government. Hence, in months, Hitler had dominated them and established a totalitarian regime. Only in 1945, a military alliance with dozens of countries successfully destroyed it, only after its regime and its ruled state had committed a massive crime unknown to the Holocaust.

The Political of Germany

Germany is a democratic and federal parliamentary republic. The country has 16 states or territories, which have local governments and legislative bodies enjoying substantial decentralization in connection with the Federal Government. Executive Chairman of the Government is Chancellor and was elected by the absolute majority in the Federal Assembly for four years. The Chancellor holds executive powers, which include implementing the law and managing the country's daily affairs. The Federal Ministers are appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Chancellor. The State Head is President and elected for a period of five years by the Federal Convention. The role of the President is largely a ceremony. For legislative power in Germany is bicameral. Parliament consists of two halls, the Bundestag (the lowest house), currently 709 seats, whose members elected by universal suffrage combine proportional and direct representation for a four-year period. The second board is the Bundesrat (upper space), which has 69 seats, and members are representatives of the 16 Länder (region) of the country for a period of four years. There is no election for the Bundesrat. Its composition is determined by local governments. The government directly or indirectly depends on the support of parliament, which is generally expressed by the vote of confidence. The chancellor cannot dissolve the parliament directly, but he may propose dissolution to the President if the vote does not believe in the Bundestag. Legislative powers are state and parliamentary. The Germans enjoy great political rights. The Main Political Party in Germany, the party needs at least 5% of the national vote to get parliamentary representation. Economic background of the Germany. In past, Germany is historically a tribal and part of the Holy Roman Empire and part of the Prussian Empire.

In addition, Germany is also a federal and republican state. However, in the 19th century, Germany controlled several countries, as well as several autonomous countries, and the region was ready to capitalize on the Industrial Revolution in many parts of the world. This is because many resources are needed for equipment and manufactured goods. Germany has also entered the industrial era a little after other countries like Great Britain, but quickly jumped in front of the pack. And because of that, Germany is grateful to the Customs Union (Detacher Zollverein) and the impressive railway system. Between 1835 and 1870, Germany managed to build thousands of trains and several locomotive companies. In the present, Germany is the world's third-largest exporter and importer, producing the largest trade surplus as the country's economy. Although the German economy united in the 1990's, it experienced a virtual stagnation that began in the 2000s. Then, with a high unemployment rate and a relatively flat growth rate of about one to half percent and causing the German welfare system to be very severe.

By the end of 2000, the German economy followed a global trend towards growth due to the large export economy. Unfortunately, it also experienced economic contraction after the global recession in 2009. Thanks to the rapid economic reforms, Germany managed to get out of the recession that they almost came in because of the recovery. Thus, Germany has an ambitious economic recovery plan by the end of 2009. Continuing growth in 2012 at a pace higher than the local neighbours. By 2014, Germany has recorded the highest trade surplus in the world. Currently, the German economy is largely composed of services of about 70 percent of GDP, a strong industry with a percentage of 29. 1 percent of GDP, and for small farms but also with a significant percentage of 0. 9 percent of GDP. Then, country output comes from 41 percent exports including vehicles, machinery, chemical products, electronic products, electrical appliances, pharmaceuticals, transport equipment, metals, food products, rubber and plastics. And maybe in future, Germany has a strong year for growth in 2014 with largely driven by private consumption.

Economically, it has experienced several bumps on the road in 2015, but overall seems to be still in a stable and safe location. Consumer confidence reached the highest level of 13 years in May, and Germany has allocated € 13. 5 billion in government for improvements, recovery and infrastructure through 2018. International oil prices are very low. At the same time, the strong labour market with higher wages is high so that work goes smoothly for domestic consumption, while exports are expected to rise further behind weak euro. As a result, the German economy is expected to grow by 1. 9 percent by 2015 and is expected to remain there for 2016.

Past, Present and future challenges for Germany

While its productivity competitiveness is slow and the decline in labor force is accelerating, China's growth will only diminish in the coming years. Despite the sustainability of premium Western brand premiums - reputation and image are long-term assets - The competition of Chinese firms in their own market can only be intensified, as demonstrated by the success of the Huawei smartphone to choose one example. It is the first challenge of the German model, inherited from the high specifics in the related goods and equipment industry. To maintain premium images, especially in the car industry. The German company needs to change deeper into their product range. As China focuses on environmental issues, after rapid industrial emissions, and when the traffic boom on the mega -cities provides the perfect opportunity for autonomous and electric vehicles. And that's the case for competition in local technology. The list of the "50 smartest companies" in the 2017 edition, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) includes young Chinese companies like iFlytek, Face ++ or DJI, coming from the "smart machine industry" sector, along with more brands such as Tencent, Ali Baba, Baidu and so on.

Therefore, for Germany, only Adidas and Daimler are able to make the rankings, not because of their size but because the former launches micro-powered robots are able to produce locally and on demand. And lastly, for the introduction of e-Truck City, the first all-electric heavy-duty truck. The second challenge in the German economy is to adapt its social model built on the negotiations between the internationalization of economic constraints by the union of labor. Their participation to board meetings and to the wave of technology, which is often referred to as uberisasi. Hence, the rapid development of coastal buffs has open access to new technologies, the most widely available online channels such as crowdfunding or cryptocurrencies, in favor of the emergence of individual entrepreneurs or small businesses. These are aimed at providing the edge in the global market and have the potential to become a global giant.

These changes seem to be contrary to the power of labor union or the structure of the major Konzerns. While this challenge is similar in all developed countries, it is very important for Germany because of its strong industry specialization and the primary role of joint management between capital and labor. The third challenge is the country's demographic trends. Germany ages rapidly in natural demographic equilibrium. "Natural demographic balance" is the number of births that reduced the number of deaths. The problem is very negative which is around -190 000 per year. While in 2016, the population has risen by 0. 7% and reached 82. 8 million thanks to the strong immigration flow. In the high version of the projection of the Federal Statistics Institute (4), which has assumed 8 million immigrants accumulated by 2050. The population will still be reduced by 7 million and the proportion of people over 60 will increase by 10 points to 39%. Despite the uncertainty inherent in any projection, Germany clearly requires a continuing immigration stream. Otherwise, it will be affected by the fall in its standard of living due to the decline in labor force along with the increase in financial pension burden.

Factors of Germany’s economic success

First factor of Germany’s economic success is in Job Skill. German industrial strength is the national education system. The German education system is very different from the Asian country like Malaysia. What can be explained in the German education system is that time spent in school for each age group is different. For students ages 7 to 14, they will finish school hours at lunchtime throughout Germany as they have a family aspect called "community priority". 'Community priority' is designed to allow children to spend more time with their families. Next, at German also educate half of all high school students are in vocational training while half of them are in the internship. For students aged 15 to 16 spend their time at work where they will receive training at work rather than at school. Then, after three to four years almost secures full-time employment.

Furthermore, Germany is also incomplete in adherence to vocational training and technical colleges from many countries. Thus, the German education system provides high-skilled worker conveyor belts to meet the specific requirements of a strong and sustainable manufacturing base of the country, which is grassroots in a stable small family business that has long been the backbone of the economy. Secondly, the factor of Germany’s economic success is Lessons learned. Germany once used to study about other countries and create and make improvements to what they surveyed. And the proof is that Germany is now home to some of the world's leading manufacturers. Its impressive, many economies are eager to take advantage of German manufacturing. The longer the country learns the way industrial in Germany, the country will be more advanced than German. And maybe one day Germany will look to others for inspiration.

Causes of Germany’s current socioeconomic inequality

The first causes of the Germany’s current socioeconomic inequality are the offspring factor or the origin of the person. As we know that today's society in Germany has three different types of classes, namely low class, middle class and wealth. If you want to be associated with these causes, wealthy people come from a wealthy group of people in the past. In addition, there is also a wealth of wealth by working as an entrepreneur or a job earning a large monthly income. For low class and middle class, they are less fortunate to support themselves or those who have been married but cannot afford to evict their families. Like the proverb "living from hand to mouth" which means that it is a way of life in which you have hardly enough food or money to live on. The difference in their status causes the distance between them. The distance is caused by the knowledge of their status is not at all. What they are trying to say is that the wealthy people are educated and trained to venture in various ways to advance their business outcomes but not for low class and middle class. The probability they do not know how to add their incompetence, they do not know how to change their lives to a more comfortable. For example, the lives of these rich people often invest in a very strategic way because with the knowledge they earn can produce something good. If low class and middle class can acquire the same knowledge as wealth, then they can have a strong impact on their daily lives. In conclusion, the knowledge available to the wealthy should be shared so that the distance between them can be minimized.

At the same time, it can help low class and middle class. Next causes are the wealthy group does not give the ordinary people the opportunity to highlight their abilities. To increase your knowledge, not all the low-class groups are not educated like the rich, but they are more knowledgeable than those who are rich. For example, from a documentary I have studied and watched, have an interview with a security guard at a company. When the man was interviewed, the man stated that he had the advantage of speaking in four different languages where not everyone could do it. Then addressing the question of his job at the time, 'Do you accept, if you have the opportunity to trade with the business manager? ' Then the man said that he did have such as a dream, but he would reject the offer because the man was afraid to hold the post who have a great responsibility. From the examples given, we find out that these people have intellectual advantages. As such, the wealthy group should give the low class and middle class to succeed. How's that chance? The opportunity is given to a person who is truly qualified and trustworthy when holding a large position. Low class and middle class will do their best to seize the opportunities they have given as everything lies on their own to succeed brilliantly or vice versa. Most importantly, they should have a high desire and not easily give up.

Implication of Germany’s current socioeconomic inequality to the country’s economic growth and social cohesion

In Germany’s also have implication in socioeconomic inequality to the country’s economic growth and social cohesion. The first implication is the inequalities that make people fall further apart from one another. For example, the lower classes will become more and more mundane and the wealthier groups will be faster. This is because of the social fabric that has separated the class from one another in terms of physical experientially and psychologically. Thus, sociologists are very concerned with the attitude of the people who want to accumulate the richness of the Dynasty. The wealth dynasty is a huge amount of money that will be transferred down through generations to generation. For example, rich people who are from royalty or descendants who have large corporations often acquire invaluable assets that can accommodate self-esteem at that time and for generations to come. As a result, most of them have begun to stabilize the system of inequalities across the society today. This can reduce the issue of inequality nowadays. The next implication is that it is about the inequality that has the space for a qualified person and is required to develop an economy that is not available. If many people become entrepreneurs, their generation will be able to inherit something from them such as wealth and knowledge about entrepreneurs, they have an enormous responsibility to ensure that their businesses run smoothly and in order. In conclusion, the more developed their business, the more that work in the business and the greater the responsibility of being an entrepreneur.

Policy recommendations to improve the situation

First of all, we can improve the situation of inequality is in government Subsidy. We tend to measure the success of subsidies in terms of benefits earned by those who receive it. We rarely consider ineffective costs and undesirable consequences.

For example, buying help is to help young home buyers but rather, they become cash cow for building companies and have pushed home prices further than those who are not yet on the stairs. Housing benefit is actually meant to help poor people. But it still raises the cost of renting and arranging the pockets of landlords. However, goodwill, subsidies create a special interest group, which later lobbies more subsidies. In fact, something like an agricultural subsidy has been wrong. Landowners are actually paid for owning a farm and can also avoid legacy taxes on it. That's why, investors are piled into the fields. Then, prices become incapable for local farmers and markets to be distorted. It is a straightforward transfer of money from taxpayers to landowners. Secondly, we can improve the situation of inequality is in Planning Act. That includes with some law. Why must the law? This is because only laws are in force to control a society. For example, the tax code, which is a very burdensome legal plan. Thus, the formation of households has mostly become savings to some large companies. I love building my own house. Do not you also have the same opinion as me?

18 March 2020
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