Ethical Problem: The Effect Of Gambling On One’S Life

Matthew Browne, professor in the School of Human, Health and Social Science at CQ University, is the author of the investigation that surveys the impact of gambling on population health by conducting a study based on PGSI to DWs scores. Opening with the description of other studies on identifying risk impacts of gambling and the approach to conduct the study, the author notes that gambling has been recognized as a serious health problem. In order to extrapolate how much damage a typical individual has suffered based on gambling problems, Matthew uses the direct elicitation methods and the condition description formed by an existing injury symptom data set to analyze study’s data. Also, he uses a direct framework to test gambling’s influence on one’s life instead of using an indirect approach which lacks sensitivity and effectiveness compared with the direct one. Based on the data, the results he gets is that the gambler will cause obviously harm to others, and even more harm to themselves.

The quality of gamblers’ life is 44% lower, 29% for moderate-risk gamblers and 13% for low-risk gamblers. And he also finds that the reduction in quality of life from the severity of gambling problems seems to be consistent with the severity of alcohol use disorders. Therefore, Matthew concludes by arguing that the moderate and severe alcohol abuse disorder is the major impact on quality of one’s life. Besides, the quantity of harm for problem gambling allows for a better future understanding of population level costs. This article describes many approach used during the study and some survey by others to make author’s argument solid. And he mention the word “problem gamblers” many times to show people and government how serious is the problem, that means the target audience is the government and the people who don’t familiar with gambling. In addition, the data from the study can help directly show the influence of gambler on their life.

At the end of the essay, the discussion of the population level cost calls for the government to take action to work on progress towards harm reduction.

Elda Mei Chan, supervisor of the Integrated Centre on Addition Prevention and Treatment, Tung Wah Group of Hospitals in Hong Kong, is the author of the study which explore the effect of problem gambling on family members and the relationship between family coping and gambling-related family effects. Firstly, the author talks about the background of gambling industry to show adverse impacts caused by problem gambling on family, mental and physical health, and family financial.

In order to recruit family members negatively affected by gambling problems, Chan uses targeted sampling strategies to collect their demographic information. And he also use K10 for measuring psychological distress, Family Member Impact (FMI) for measuring type of harmful impacts on family, and Coping Questionnaire (CQ) for frequency of family member’s coping actions. With different statistics evidences and simple modeling, he proves that there is a significant strong and positive correlation between FMI and CQ. From the data, findings show that most family members have a medium level of psychological distress and a bad quality of life. Compared with previous studies, Chan indicates that the affected family members often suffer from extensive health and psychological difficulties. As the family members who use positive cope can help decrease the level of adverse impacts, he claims that it is necessary to strengthen education for family member affected by gambling disorders to seek help and respond positively to behavior. This article mentions “impact of problem gambling” and “family coping” many times which emphasize the strong effects of gambling on family and the effectiveness of family coping. Besides, the statistics evidence and simple modeling makes author’s argument credible. However, the size of this study and difference of gender are relatively small which will limit the effectiveness of analysis.

Therefore, a future study should get rid of these limitations. Finally, this article help call for healthcare professionals to improve their ability to assess and treat those family members, which means the target audience is healthcare professionals.

Matthew Crawford, who is an American writer and researcher at the Institute for Advanced Studies in Culture at the University of Virginia. His essay is about using gambling addiction to show all the people a human problem, and calls for some regulation from the government. Matthew firstly shares an example of her daughter’s Leaping Frog Learning table to show the analogy between toy and gaming machine, which indicates that people intend to get satisfaction from the control of things from an early age. Then the author spends most of the essay on describing how the gambling industry get profit from human, which lead to the focus of the study “Gambling”. He uses people’s experience to improve the emotion, and describe the techniques used in the gambling industry to make people gamble, which proves that the problem of gambling addiction has become very serious. He also uses Freud’s concept of death drive to support that people take gambling machine as a thing that can control everything in life, which means that gambling addiction is a deep human condition, and the solution to this problem goes far beyond to one’s ability.

Finally, he points out that in order to solve the problem of gambling addiction, some government regulations should be made to maintain people’s good condition. The author uses some people’s experience, data, and some concepts by philosophers to make his argument more persuasive. Also, he uses the word “manufacture” and “addiction” to state human don’t have complete freedom. This essay talks about the problem of gambling addiction which can provide some information to test if the gambling will bring some impacts to someone’s life, such as family, or partners. The informants by the gambling industry will be a good evidence to prove this problem is real and how serious is the problem. Also, the concept by Freud mentioned by author will help make the argument more persuasive and authentic.

Louise Holdsworth, professor in Centre for Gambling Education and Research at Southern Cross University, who conduct the study which explored gambling’s impacts on partners and problem gamblers’ perspectives. Firstly, the author describe that though gambling is a good form of entertainment, other people may become problem gambling which will affect not only themselves but also their partners, families, and friends. As there is little research focused on people’s psychological and emotional factors, he conducted this study to investigate how gambling problems influence partners’ mental, physical, emotional health from their particular viewpoint. He used an explanatory qualitative methodology which understand multiple and subjective perceptions and experience of individuals. From the result, he finds that the negative impacts of their partner’s gambling problems focused on four key areas: emotional distress, financial loss, impaired physical and mental health, and deteriorating relationship. Also, he indicates that the financial problems related to gambling often show up first, and they can lead to emotional, mental, and physical health over time, as well as complex interpersonal issues. And the economic effect of gambling problems on partners and families is known to be harmful and far-reaching.

As a result, he concludes that gambling problems can have considerable negative effects on a partner’s emotional health, forming emotional responses such as distress, depression, and fear that affect their ability to cope with their situation and the needs of their daily life. This article talks more about partners’ perspective which shows that the problem of gambling has a huge negative impact on their health and wellbeing. Because of this huge influence, the author claims that there is a need to greater understand partners’ experience and protect them from the harm of gambling. That means the target audience is the healthcare professionals which can take action to help protect those people. This article can help give me some information to prove how serious is the problem of gambling, and show how problem gambling influence partners.

Amritha Sobrun-Maharaj, psychologist of Centre for Asian and Ethnic Minority Health Research at University of Auckland, author of the investigation which study the effects of gambling and problem gambling on people’s health and well-being. Opening with discussion about problem gambling which provides individuals with a degree of respite or escape from problems in their lives, and is also identified as an emerging mental health issue, author points out that there are many negative effects and results associated with problem gambling, also, the ecological context should be considered to solve the problem gambling.

Firstly, he mentions previous studies to show gambling experiences negative emotional states and increases the likelihood of continued gambling at the same time regardless of ongoing losses. In order to explore the impacts of gambling on health and wellbeing, author uses an ecological approach and contextual framework to conduct the study. The data were collected from participants with diverse backgrounds and gambling related experience. The results suggest that the people is likely seen gamble as a solution to financial problems. In addition, the social isolation is also a major reason for people to gamble. After people go gambling, he states that some negative impacts including social disconnection, family conflict, economic insecurity, and mental health issues will happen. Gambling even can cause violence which will cause a breakdown of the family. Furthermore, children may be also influenced by parents to gamble early in life.

Therefore, he concludes that the problem gambling cause devastating impacts on people’s health and wellbeing. This article mentions “negative impacts of gambling” all the time which indicates that we should avoid the gambling behavior. In the article, there are many quotes of participants’ saying and the discussion of different negative effects of gambling, which will be good evidences for proving the harm of gambling. Also, the target audience is general people, because the author want to use those quotes to notice people not to gamble. What’s more, the discussion about the issue of gambling can help call for the communities and government agencies to pay attention on it and take action to prevent gambling.

15 April 2020
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