Fundamentals Of Dsca In Katrina’S Wake

The enormous shocking wrought by the storm Katrina in Mississippi and Louisiana back in 2005 left most communities dislocated and stranded who took time to reclaim their normal habitats (Tkacz, 2006). The calamity overwhelmed most of the citizens who even were worried that history would repeat itself. The confused emergency responses from the local, State and the Federal officials after the incident left most of the citizens concerned about their safety. Indeed the residents felt insecure about their properties and lives. The confusion led to the delay on responding to the calamities, which recommended the need for the expansion of the existing Defense Support for Civil Authority (DSCA). The speed of rescue and relief operation received greater attention from the State officials since the state wanted to see a reformed approach to possible re-occurrence of the disaster.

The question on whether the Defense of Disasters (DOD) and the State agencies would offer an affirmative response to any other incidence remained the expectation for all the civilians. As a result, the role played by DSCA from the local, federal and state authorities on the hurricane Katrina as well as the ineptitude portrayed by such departments led to the catastrophic delays. How the Local, State and Federal Authorities Responded to the CalamityThe mishap took place amid the frontier of Mississippi and Louisiana at a degree of approximately 140 miles per hour with a heave of thirty feet (Tkacz, 2006). The levees shielding the city of the New Orleans from the Pontchartrain waters were made to plunge jacketing three-quarters of the town with pools. The floods confined a large number of the residents within Louisiana Superdome which was the only rest point left within the whole city as many stranded on the rooftops of the story building in the city.

However, there was witnessed a lot of dragging from the State and the Federal authorities on rescuing those drawn by the water. The Governor of Mexico mentioned that he had released a number of the National Guard hordes to liberate people from the scenario, but it took more than two days for them to turn up. Surprisingly, most of the New Orleans police deserted their prerogatives due to fear of the incidence and were even seen prowling their homes and businesses instead of helping in rescuing of the culprits. Lack of the immediate attention of the government officers in the scene led to the pillaging of the business commodities from stores as well as garments and the firearms from houses. The proprietors of such goods tried to offer fortification for their properties using short guns but were so weak to control the theft. The city Mayor ordered the crowds in the episode to recommence their traditional duties and dump the rescuing process.

As a result, the trucks that were to ferry most of the rescued teams from the scene of calamity did not get access to the scene since the mayor had reserved entry to the place for they could only do that under the escort of the police. Additionally, the alternative offer of the troop by Balton Rouge was also withheld after the chief administrator’s claim that the numbers of soldiers already in the stage were enough. There was also witnessed feud communication between different organs within the region and this delayed the response to the calamity. The Louisiana governor communicated to the president of America by then W. Bush, but the conversation was not fruitful. The federal government did not participate in the rescue as it awaited the implementation of the communication amid the president and the governor. According to Michael Brown, the federal emergency management agency (FEMA) could not chip in to help since the initial response by the Louisiana governor to the scene was categorical and mystified. The military did not want to mingle with a large number of the deployed troops from various orders during the response operations. As a result, there were only 300 troops who reacted to the tragedy because of the efforts by Louisiana to find the military responders from outside. Later, it happened to be a turn-out of more than 20, 000 National Guard Members troops of the military coming to help after Louisiana dropped the idea of seeking external support (Wombwell, 2011).

The behavior of the army was detrimental to the emergency efforts to respond to the disaster and rescue the people. Assuredly, there was a somewhat coordinated communication and organization for the federal and the National Guard retorts instead of an integrated approach that constituted to incomplete and ineffective response to the scene. The integrated report of the military role to the calamity would depict the resourced mission and therefore bring hope to those stranded on to the location of incidence. Generally, a number of factors such as the timely damage assessment, strains in communication, problems of the involvement of the significance and the capabilities active and the national guard forces, lack of structured and organized approach to the rescuing process and the problems of the significant of the logistics role that FEMA unexpectedly turned over to defense of disaster. The communication challenges derailed the response of the military to the disaster. Improper communication caused lack of situational consciousness for the military and inhabitant officials. Many commercial landlines, telephone lines, and crisis radio systems were subscribed making it difficult to find essential communications amid officials and the respondents at the local, state, and federal levels.

Due to this, it became unfeasible for the military to know the situational awareness. Additionally, another factor that faced the military in the rescue course was substantial and unanticipated logistics role it was asked to assume when FEMA became overwhelmed. At that time, FEMA was dealing with the coordination activities. FEMA put across orders for more than nine million meals ready to be eaten, and four days after landfall asked the DOD to take a portion of the logistic responsibilities (Veenema, 2018). Since the FEMA could not uphold precision through the final delivery of the commodities and goods ordered, the defense of the disaster was brought merely near the scene where those starving people could eat. Due to the failure to have adequate resources by the DOD, it had to airlift a million meals to Louisiana as a response to the request from the governor, who was concerned with food delivery. Importantly, there were plans put in place by the National Guard Plans while their lack of preparation delayed the response to the disaster (Tromblee et al. , 2017). There was no apparent connection between the defense of the catastrophes and the National Guard civil support. Additionally, there was no operational management of the National Guard troops and that disorganized the efforts contributed towards the rescuing process. Broadly, the department charged with the offering of prompt responses to the natural domestic such as the one that occurred at hurricanes.

The department did no lead the federal response to the incidence. Honestly, the leadership of such departments did not bring a sense of urgency to the respondents of the federal government as they prepared to help save the culprits. The secretary of this department only sought to create the link to the state preparations over the incidence and accepted uncritically reassurance he received. The secretary did not submit himself to the other big cabinet secretaries to ensure that they were readying their organs to assistance. ConclusionThe tragedy at the hurricane Katrina was one of the remarkable occurrences in the record of disasters in America. The calamity brought the destruction of a vast geographical land rendering most people landless. However, there existed some laziness in the way different organs of the DSCA within the region responded. The incident brought greater criticism to the competences of the disaster management agencies, which participated, in a large number of people who died on the tragedy. The DSCA should have in mind that its speed to respond to the calamities will be a measure of the effectiveness of the department as a whole. The government of America, the federal government and the military has now been structured to ensure they adequately respond to a similar calamity if it occurs.

15 April 2020
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