Logic Model: Theory And Implementation


A logic model is a diagram, flow charts, words, or pictures illustrating the resources of an organization’s planned work and the outcome measures of a program. The logic model lays out a program’s resources and goals for funding. This paper will focus on describing common grant types and find sources for proposals. It will also name funding agencies that could possibly fund a grant and address resources needed for project implementation.

Logic models can be used in program development, execution, analysis, or communication. For instance, if a local group is developing a grant-funding proposal for a crime prevention program targeting businesses in the community after a rash of burglaries, thefts, and fraud schemes against several local businesses, a logic model can be developed to secure funds for said program. Policy development is crucial to most routine reviews, with the blending of evidence which supports the openness of research data that others will use. A logic model process of recognition, condition, value assessment and routine investigation of reviews makes research data available to ones involved in the process. Hence, the logic model advances a collective understanding by which program resolutions are likely to work. In the example scenario, the group turns to outside sources for funding support. A funding proposal is used to request funds by supplying evidence to support the goals and aims of the proposed project. As in the case of the above-mentioned scenario, assuming the organization has secured $300,000 in funds from a local benefactor, however, the organization knows this amount is not enough for its needs. Therefore, seeking added funds is crucial to fund the program it wishes to implement.

Obtaining a Grant

There are innumerable types of grants the group in the example can strive to win. To transport through the grant writing progression, the writer evaluates the associations one wishes to create or have founded already. Collaborating effectively with these contacts presents an improved awareness of how these relationships affect fluctuations and features points of compromise between the desires and results of the logic model. This process allows one to assess the arena more plainly and name the rules of the game as well as the key players and the tactical interchanges involved.

Common Grants

Formula grants require an application but are not competitive. Simply put, if the organization meets the grant requisites and the funds are spread among those nominated, the receiver could be awarded a varying amount of funds. The local group in the scenario needs more than $300,000; therefore, this type of grant would be beneficial to supplement its needs. Slahor (2015) further explains that discretionary grants, in contrast to formula grants, are usually competitive and are evaluated on suitability status. Those meeting the first round are evaluated and adjudicated by a board of professionals in the subject matter, after which receivers are selected. Congressionally directed grants are reserved for certain ventures or give precise exclusion from some due or payment. Allocated funds are allowed for expenses for a specific purpose. Cooperative agreements, in contrast, are discretionary awards that allows a transfer of money or something valuable to carry out a specific purpose. Slahor (2015) further explains that private grants are plentiful and always harmonize with the goals of the organization issuing the grant. These grants may be insignificant, yet beneficial, while other private grants offer considerable funds for projects and needs. Private grants also require widespread research to explore funding options.

The Role of Funding Agencies

Generally, small businesses have no corporate or trade affiliation or backing. Local police departments are the only vehicle to aid retail businesses in implementing crime prevention programs. Developing a relationship with police – community policing- gets law enforcement and citizens involved in program delivery which is important for independently owned and operated businesses that lack the necessary resources to reach out to corporations and professional associations. Police are often the first point of contact after a robbery. Teamwork is crucial in implementing large-scale programs such as the example group is carrying out. Leading by example, building trust, encouraging socialization, and cultivating open communication, outlining the roles and responsibilities, organizing activities, setting goals, and recognizing hard work efforts are excellent strategies for the group’s proposal efforts. The organization can reach out to several other organizations or do an extensive search online for possible funding agencies that are aligned with the mission. Areas of high crime rates generally have vacant properties, dilapidated housing, poor quality schools and services. The Choice Neighborhood Implementation Grant Program addresses struggling neighborhoods and looks to transform communities. Local leaders, police, citizens, business owners, etc., come together to create and implement this program.


The logic model is used to design a course of action to secure funds for a program to bring about change with positive outcomes. Teaming with public officials, businesses, and police aids in creating programs to combat crime and other issues in a community. Through grant writing processes, research is conducted to find grants that support the mission of granter and seeker. Building relationships is a crucial step in efforts to secure future funding. Planning, strategizing, listing activities, and measuring outcomes are part of the logic model theory and is beneficial for any agency seeking funding.


  1. Cabell, A., Casteel, C., Chronister, T., Nocera, M., Vladutiu, C. J., & Peek-Asa, C. (2013). Factors influencing law enforcement decisions to adopt an evidence-based robbery prevention program. Health Education Research, 28(6), 1105–1115. Retrieved from https://doi.org/her/cyt093
  2. Kneale, D., Thomas, J., & Harris, K. (2015, November). Developing and optimizing the use of logic models in systematic reviews: Exploring practice and good practice in the use of program theory in reviews. Plos One, 10(11), 2-26. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26575182
  3. Moeller, R., & Christensen, D. (2009). System Mapping: A Genre Field Analysis of the National Science Foundation’s Grant Proposal and Funding Process. Technical Communication Quarterly, 19(1), 69–89. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/10572250903373098
  4. Slahor, S. (2012). GRANTS GUIDE 2012. Law & Order, 60(9), 42-44,46-48,50-52. Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.contentproxy.phoenix.edu/docview/1355504535?accountid=35812.
09 March 2021
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