Plessy V Ferguson, Mapp V Ohio And Other Cases Related To The 14th Amendment

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‘All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside.’ The 14th Amendment and the citizenship clause was created to protect people in the USA citizenship rights that were rightfully given to them.

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Why the citizenship cause was included in the 14th amendment? The 14th amendment includes three clauses all tying everything together. The three clauses are the citizenship clause, The due process clause, The equal protection clause. The citizenship clause is granting citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States. The citizenship clause goes in section one of the 14th amendment because the government cannot take away or make a law to take away your citizenship rights without the due process of law, life, liberty, property. The due process clause is declared that states may not deny any person “life, liberty, property, without due process clause. The equal protection clause said that a state may not deny any person within jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. The citizenship clause sums up everything that is provided in the 14th amendment and protect the person in jurisdiction. (Nolo)

The top 10 cases related to the 14th amendment is; The Slaughter-House Cases, Plessy v. Ferguson, Lochner. New York, Gitlow v. New York, Brown v. Board of Education, Mapp v. Ohio, Gideon v. Wainwright, Griswald v. Connecticut, Loving v. Virgina, Regents of the University of California v. Bakke.

The Slaughter-House Cases April 14, 1873. New Orleans was experienced health problem’s caused by waste in the local water streams. Louisiana made the decision to accuse one slaughterhouse south of the city. The 13th and 14th amendments were recently ratified at time he time so the Justice dismissed the claims due to the due process clause.

Plessy v. Ferguson May 18, 1896. This was during the time Louisiana made it a law that blacks and white people had to ride separate. This was a discrimination towards blacks as they were not treated the same as white people for a while after the slaves were freed by Lincoln not everyone was agreeing with the topic. Homer Adolph Plessy was arrested for sitting on a train reserved for whites. Plessy was part Caucasian so he would not move out of his seat. Plessy lost against the state then he wanted to be appealed in the Supreme Court. Plessy was part Caucasian so his rightful rights were taken from him the second he sat on a seat in white reserved property, arrested for doing something that was lawfully right. If someone does not look 100 percent white and there mixed their rights should be equal therefore, they are technically white.

Locher v. New York June 8, 1925. Benjamin Gitlow printed an article over the forceful overthrow in the government. Arrested he said he just did the first amendment the court denied his first amendment accusing his article a danger. His freedom of speech of the press was taken from him.

Brown v. Board of Education May 17, 1954. Equal protection rights were violated as whites and blacks were separated in school thanks to Plessy v. Ferguson, they found it as a violation to the 14th amendment.

Mapp v. Ohio June 19, 1961. Police invaded Dollree Mapp home she denied them unless they had a warrant. The police made a fake warrant and found explicit images instead of their bombing suspect. She was serving 7 year but she decided to appeal her case as the search into her case showed unlawful finding of her home. (The fake warrants the policed used to manipulate her)

Gideon v. Wainwright March 18, 1963. Gideon had to represent himself as the court would not provide him with a attorney so he lost his case.

Griswald v. Connecticut June7 1965. Estelle Griswald was arrested for consoling and giving prescriptions of birth control to married couples the court violated the right to privacy. Married couples should be allowed to console over birth control at their free will she was not forcing anyone to take it but because she was prescribing them, they arrested Griswald.

Loving V. Virgina June 22 1967. Virgina did not let people marry interracially. Mildred and Richard wanted to get married but Richard was white and Mildred was African American they were arrested at Virgina for getting married in Washinton D.C.

Regents of the University of California v. Bakke June 26 1978. Allan Bakke a white man who tried to apply for the medical school was denied and he took it to court saying he was denied due to his race. Which violated equal protection clause in the 14th amendment.

All 10 cases were found on National Constitution Center.

Why the 14th amendment is important to American? It is important to Americans because all the clauses protect American from crooked police or unlawful court systems in the state because soon after these people appealed their cases the Supreme court found evidence of their cases being violated so they were lifted from there consequences. If people feel as if their rights are being taken from them, they deserve to fight what they are legally. Some governments officials will try to take advantage of smaller people. It important to protect American from those crooked government officials with evidence.

My view point of what this Constitutional Clause should mean is that if you feel as if you are not protected or your born/naturalized rights are being torn away from you unlawfully. Appel to the 14th Amendment over and over or take it to the Supreme Court to have a redo on your case as if they may find a violation of some sort to clear your case and give you your rights back that were taken from you. The 14th amendment protect you from the government that can easily manipulate you for the uneducated on their rights.        

16 December 2021

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