The Rise of Cohabitation Due to Decrease of Marriage

One of the most common concerns of people who start seeking relationships is to engage in serious relationships that are legally married or live-in someday. People have concerns over the years about their ability to sustain a successful marriage. Living together without marriage or living-in in our society is not reasonable. Marriage, on the other hand, is the union of men and women engaged in one another. People get married as this is the legal thing to do or this is most women’s beautiful dream of marrying a man they love the most. We want the family union also to be maintained. According to the bible “Genesis 2:24, therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife; and they shall be one flesh’. Marriage is the most intimate part of all human relationships.

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Living in an intimate outside marriage sex, or living together, is a growing trend all over the world. The demographic changes Van de Kaa and Lesthaege first connected with growing importance of the post-materialistic “higher order needs,” individualism, secularism and sexual equality. Usually, cohabitation lags behind a fertility shift and prevails following changes including postponing marriage, avoiding childbirth and separately married; the scholar argues that cohabitation is because traditionally prescribed religious and sexual mores most clearly threatens cohabitation.

There is global variation in the sense of cohabitation, life and social and political conditions that drive men and women into such unions. Many couples practice cohabitation as a substitute for marriage. Countries promote cohabitation in different levels through policy; thus, political conditions may influence the choices made either by couples for cohabitation or instead, as a response to established practices. The trained and liberal elite can take cohabitation and untraditional family types as the forerunner of social change or cope with less affluent approaches to tackle economic stress or uncertainty.

The variety in practices and policies in the United States, Europe, Latin America, Canada, Australia and much of East Asia shows this. Cohabitation between the liberal elite started in Western Europe, and is now widely practiced across social strata. Secularism and increased individualism, combined with the State’s position as a net of social security, make cohabitation a particularly popular family arrangement in certain regions, including Western Europe and the Nordic countries. Southern European nations, on the other hand, are more often described as having stronger family centric ideals and relation, and less state social support, leading to a slower cohabitation. Latin America is another area where there has been dramatic increased in cohabitation over the last few decades, described in particular by Esteve et al. as a “cohabitation boom”.

Due to the fact that a number of forces can affect family responsibility, the researcher addresses contextual factors generally applicable to family demography and the creation of unions in the Philippines. This consider contextual factors that could be related to a range of forces, namely ideas shifts, structural pressures, a political context and economic insecurity, in order to help to arrangement thought about Philippines cohabitation and to provide a basis for comparisons with other countries. Thanks to its strong colonial history, the Philippines is the only predominantly Catholic or Christian Catholic nation in the south-east Asian world.

Overall today, the vast majority of Filipinos announce that they are Catholic, and the Catholic Church continues to influence governance policy. Today, despite the lack of an official zone, government documents make religious references and use religious belief to justify political position. Government agencies reference religious values in their mission statements, and church leaders regularly influence politics, either directly through voice declarations of support or restriction, or indirectly by national and local politicians.


  • ‘The Latin American Cohabitation Boom 1970-2007’ population and development review. 55-81.
  • Harris, P., & Sanchez, G. (2012). ‘How Simillar Are Cohabitation and Marriage? Legal Approaches to Cohabitation Across Western Europe’ Population and Develpment Review. 435-467.
  • Kroeger, & Smock. (2015). the wiley blackwell companion to the sociologies family.
  • Kroeger, Smock, Treas, J., Scott, J., Richards, M., & Wiley, J. (2014). Cohabitation: Recent Research and Implications. The Wiley Blackwell Companion to the Sociology of Families.
  • Magnetico, D. J. (2014, december 10-11). 
  • Magnetico, D. J., Sepe, A. R., Balo, J. T., Bernales, H. O., & Canete, B. E. (2014, DECEMBER 10-11). 
  • Perelli, H. (2010). ‘The Educational Gradient of Childbearing Within Cohabitation in Europe’ Population and Development Review. 775-801.
  • R., L. (2010). ‘The Unfolding Story of Second Demographic Transition’ Population Development Review. 211-251.
07 July 2022

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