The Way Snow and Ice Form Solid Waters
Normally, the sources of water (hydrosphere) contains ground waters, ocean/seas waters, lakes, and river waters etc. that occupies 71% on our earth’s surface that due to climate variations divides into two categories such as Solid and Liquid waters. Although the geosphere, Biosphere, Hydrosphere and Atmosphere are inter-dependent to each other, yet, the water also known as the hydrosphere is especially important for our biosphere living conditions and the geosphere. However, this text will emphatically elaborate on the various Solid Waters available in the northern of the 10°C July isotherm areas.
Basically, solid waters are created from a liquid water due to vapour and cold atmosphere on the earth. In other words, the Solid water means a normal water that has been frozen by the cold temperature and melts again if the temperature goes up. In this context, it means the solid waters are mostly found on the cold areas and we knew that the coldest areas on our earth planet are the Arctic and Antarctic regions.
Snow is the water vapour on the earth’s surface evaporates onto the troposphere and around an atmospheric distance of 10km above the sea level, the condensed results here create clouds precipitation returns on the earth’s surface and as the variations of the temperature is concerned, in the case of the Circumpolar North, the state of the precipitation is in the form of Snow ice that is one of the main solid waters therein.
Glaciers ice is an accumulated snow on earth’s mountain surface that is well rooted after melting results in the Ice Glaciers. The natural characteristics of the glacier’s areas are mostly colder mountains with wind that can pressure the snow into drifts in hollows on the faces of slopes and less sunshine if the direction of the slope is opposite to the northward. Meanwhile, the Ice glaciers is one of among the solid waters available in the Circumpolar North.
Sea Ice is the frozen water on the ocean surface and is one of the solid waters that directly derived from the salt. Lake and River Ice are the waters on lakes and rivers in the Circumpolar North areas that frozen during the extreme wintertime and therefore when frozen are one of the Solid waters we have within the circumpolar world.
In conclusion, the Solid Waters mentioned above such as ocean, lakes, rivers and snow waters have some differences in terms of climate situations and therefore, in some areas, the Ice might melt and change into its original state of liquid waters. However, the permafrost areas are different state and rests with Ice all the seasons as those areas have extremely low temperature in nature but may change in connection to the global warming issues.
- Bruce Forbes, Steve Young, Alec Aitken/M.3 pages: 7,8,9.10 –19
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