Transformation And Current Status Of South Sudan

The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is deeply concerned about the situation in South Sudan and looks with anguish the humanitarian disaster that hasstarted in this new State. In general, the problems that are affecting the government and the South Sudanese population are ethnicity conflicts, the discrepancy in political beliefs, internal displacements, and lack of sufficient healthcare. Moreover, the United Nations and International Agencies and Organizations failed in the attempt to address the chaos thatprevails in the country. In this sense, Pakistan has the responsibility to look forward and be a guarantor of the political, social, and economic well-developed process of South Sudan. We will focus our efforts to encompass the painful transformation of South Sudan from being a contested region (Southern Sudan) to being an independent State (The Republic of South Sudan). It is necessary to understand the relation of its historical problems, ethnic clashes, and civil war to political instability and economic collapse. Wherein the principles of democracy, freedom, equality, tolerance, and social justice, need to be taken into account in order to analyze this complex state’s evolution.

It is important that the United Nations and the Special Political and Decolonization Committee propose a strategy that helps the construction of this new nation, which supports the end of mass attacks and ends all casualties. This strategy based on a non-violent approach needs to tackle the status of South Sudan as a sovereign State. For instance, since 2013 the internal conflict left at least 300,000 victims and 2.1 million displaced people. The main causes of this convoluted situation exist due to the conflict between President Salva Kiir and the Former Vice President Riek Machar. In addition, it is important to highlight that almost the 85 % of the population live with 1 dollar or less per day. Consequently, South Sudan in the Human Development Index is part of the 10 worst Economies in the world. The United Nations has the biggest duty to help South Sudan. The UN Peacekeeping Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), is fully supported by Pakistan. The Islamic Republic bolstered this Mission with 7,592 troops and 600 police units in 2013. Thereupon, UNMISS was reinforced by the UN Security Council in order to build a durable peace. Similarly, Pakistan wants to emphasize the 1949 Geneva Conventions, which South Sudan ratified in 2012. This will help focus the debate on topics such as International Humanitarian Law.

In South Sudan, the ICRC works to prevent violations of the humanitarian law and supports hospitals and physical-rehabilitation services. Therefore, the Status of South Sudan is a first level priority for this Delegation due to the fact that the Pakistanis struggled with the same harsh and deplorable way towards independence that the South Sudanese are facing nowadays. In this sense, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is pleased to share its experiences in areas such as state welfare, and community building. In effect, Pakistan proposes the diplomatic and non-interventionist project named S.E.C.U.R.E (South Sudan Ensure Commitment for Unity and Reconstruction). This project will engage the absolute fulfillment of the Peace Agreement that has already started in Juba, and at the same time will S.E.C.U.R.E the reconstruction of South Sudan. In particular, this project will work on behalf the UN and Pakistani Peacekeeping Force that is already in place, but also with the World Health Organization, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and local organizations. The delegation of Pakistan has the willingness to work with all delegations that have an interest in supportingthe S.E.C.U.R.E Project, whose principal objective is to pursue a democratic system that guarantees basic needs, and the rehabilitation of civilian victims.

Finally, a nonviolent way to achieve South Sudan’s Peace, should be taken into account, and the responsibility that has all the delegations is to give back the confidence to the South Sudanese Population, so they can be proud to feel they belong to somewhere of which they have dreamt for almost 100 years.

01 February 2021
Your Email

By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and  Privacy statement. We will occasionally send you account related emails.

close thanks-icon

Your essay sample has been sent.

Order now
Still can’t find what you need?

Order custom paper and save your time
for priority classes!

Order paper now