Analysis Of The Syrian Civil War Through Three Perspectives

The war started on March 15, 2011, as demonstrations by the people, they were dubbed as people uprising. The protesters had their grievances demanding that the then government was incapable and should be surrender power. In April the same, the demonstration turned chaotic as military fire live bullets on protesters. This led to the formation of rebel groups as the international community concern rose. Russia and Iran supported the government of Syria, while Saudi and Qatar provided the rebels with weapons.

Realism is a dominant perspective in the field of international relations. A realist argues that the situation of anarchy refers to the lack of absolute political authority. Realism comprises of a couple of distinctive areas, namely, neorealism and classical realism. In Syria, the governmental body by the year 2011 was almost turning into anarchy as president Bashar al-Assad family maintained power from 1971 and still contested to hold. The remedy to such a situation which triggered a civil is to champion for more democratic approaches to leadership which give clear guidance on administration. This perspective is built on moral grounds asserting that allowing the right of personal life freedom and property is the greatest achievement of the government. Those who subscribe to this view, they aver that wellbeing of a person is the primary cornerstone of building a just and sound political system. The political setups that such monarchy and dictatorship cannot support institutions which are bound to safeguard peoples’ freedom and liberty.

In the case of the Syrian war, the government of Bashar al-Assad failed to ensure the freedom of demonstrators was upheld and protected. The military opened fire on protesters, and this worsened the situation resulting in war. This is an approach which understands that global political arrangements impose economic backwardness in society. According to a dependency, underdevelopment, an aspect related to war is mainly brought by the central position of the impacted nation. A dependency theorist would link war to underdevelopment. A state which has been consumed by civil war finds it challenging to cater to the necessities of its residents. Syria has been a subject of imported goods. Military hardware in the country is either donated by ally nations or bought from abroad. In 2011, Saudi Arabia was in the forefront, supporting rebels against the government of the day in Syria. Saudi, hammered the rebels an act which fuelled the crisis.


  1. Khaled Yacoub Oweis, Erika Solomon (2012). Bombardment of Syria's Homs kills 21 people. Reuters. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
  2. Ubbard & Ben (2013). Momentum Shifts in Syria, Bolstering Assad's Position. New York Times. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
14 May 2021
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