Apartheid was a system of institutionalized racial segregation that was enforced in South Africa from 1948 until the early 1990s. The word "apartheid" literally means "apartness" in Afrikaans, which was the language of the white minority government that implemented the system. "Apartheid" in this essay...
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1948 - early 1990s
Apartheid (“apartness” in the language of Afrikaans) was a system of legislation that upheld segregationist policies against non-white citizens of South Africa during the 20th century.
Apartheid dictated where South Africans, on the basis of their race, could live and work, the type of education they could receive, and whether they could vote. Events in the early 1990s marked the end of legislated apartheid, but the social and economic effects remained deeply entrenched.
Daniel F. Malan, Hendrik Verwoerd, Johannes Gerhardus Strijdom, Nelson Mandela, Desmond Tutu, Oliver Tambo, Walter Max Ulyate Sisulu.
Black South Africans were stripped of their land and relocated to racially segregated developments far outside the city, where homeownership was practically impossible. The major consequences of Apartheid were racism, violence, and poverty.