Handmade Jewellary of Indus Valley Civilization


Art and craft work creating useful as well as creative work for people, using natural materials and traditional techniques. The history of handicrafts is almost 5000 years old. Indus Valley Civilization the first references to handicraft found from the Mohnjadharo, Sindh Indus Valley Civilization aprox 3000 B.C - 1700 B.C. The Indus Valley Civilization had a rich craft tradition as well as a high degree of technical excellence in the field of pottery making store, metal and terracotta, jewellary, weaving etc. The craftsmen not only created all the local needs items but surplus items also. At that time handmade jewellary is one of the handicraft of ancient times from Indus Valley Civilization that now days became a part of Pakistan’s culture with the modern rectifications. The making of fine quality handmade jewellary is deeply rooted in Pakistan’s history. It was under the Mughal era that the artisan class of goldsmiths rose in the subcontinent. All civilizations have practiced the art of jewellary making and developed designs skills in accordance with the needs of the society.

The word handicraft is made by two words hand + craft. Hand mean by made of hand or using simple tools in making of any item and craft mean a unique expression that represent a culture, tradition and the heritage of a country. That mean handicraft is a unique expression by using art on any item. Handicraft is also known as artisanry, which mean a type of work where useful and decorative devices are made completely by hand or using simple tools.

Handmade Jewellary of Indus Valley Civilization

Lahore Museum has wide collection of traditional and historical jewellary, which depicts the different style and pattern of South Asia and North East. About 2500BC in Indus Valley both man and women wore jewellary. They were use precious stone, beads, metal and gold. This handmade jewellary collection has depicted that how they made Jewellary in sophisticated way.

Handmade Jewellary in Mughal Era

During Mughal ruled in India which began in the 16th century, the art of jewellary making flourished. Wearing expensive jewellary marks someone position. Emperor and Empress as well as counties and other people of high ranks were adorned with heavy jewellary beset with massive stone and beads. They were made this jewellary under the court supervision.

Kalasha Ancient Tribe Handmade Jewellary

Lahore Museum has collection of kalasha Tribe handmade jewellary, this tribe have own style and way of life. They have been their own culture and religion. They celebrated many events during the year. They have used handmade beads jewellary mostly with metal work also.


Everywhere in the world women are wearing an ample variety of jewellary. Whether it is about necklace, bracelet or earring, Jewellary is extremely popular. The fact is that jewellary has always been an important part of human life and cultures. The first notes about making jewellary was found in Indus Valley Civilization from where the jewellary spread all over the world.

07 July 2022
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