Health Care Related Issues In Peru


Peru is located in the continent of South America, and is local to a branch of the Amazon rainforest. It is also home to an Incan Citadel the Machu Picchu which was founded in the 1450, and later abandoned in 1572. With a manifold of 32. 17 million residents, Peru is also home to a variety of languages such as, the Quechua, Aymara, and Spanish. Peru was founded on July 28, 1821, and was discovered by Francisco Pizarro. Pizarro was a French explorer who joined Vasco Núñez de Balboa on his march to the South Sea. While on this march Vasco, and his five /brothers conquered Peru. Peru then got its name from Birú, whom was a local ruler who lived in Panama City in the early 16th century. The country then acquired its denomination viceroyalty, and became the Republic Of Peru after gaining Independence.


Peru has an infant mortality rate of 11. 6 deaths per 1,000 births. Their rate decreased with 108. 9 deaths per 1,000 births in 1998 11. 6 per 1,000 births in 2017. Peru’s mortality rate is higher than developed countries a century ago. This is because of their socioeconomic factors, this includes their social disparities on if their residents can access food, housing, infrastructure, goods, and the ability to obtain jobs. Recently it has also been said that it could also be because of their social determinants on health care. Based on recent statistics the distribution of population by age, and sex decreased by 4% since 1990. It has also been said that the top most recent dercreases in life exspectancy in Peru is because of Neoplasms, and diseases of the circulatory system. It has also been because of low employment rate which leads to people not being able to care for their families. There is also a major problem on the health care system. Although all residents in Peru recieve free health care, the information is very limited. It is said that there are 1. 12 physicians, and 2. 3 health workers per 1,000 people. In 2007 the Peruvian Government passed a law called “seguro Integral De Salud”. This law gave 6 million residents access to health care for free. This large change made accessing health care services difficult. This is because it not every resident was covered with free health care. After the law was passed 6% of the public was left without health care. Still to this day the law is stil in effect. Solutions There are alot solutions that can be made in order for there to be a decrease in the infant imortality rate. I think that the first battle to tackle is the lack of jobs being distributed. Like stated before one of the main causes of an increase in the rate is because adults don’t have enough money to provide for themselves, and their families. This leads to them not being able to make doctors oppointments, and pay for them. This mostly takes a large toll on the 6% of people not earning free health care. I think that the government should provide health care for everyone. I think this because based on recent statistics one of the top reasones for a high infant mortality rate is coming from the 6% of residents in Peru who were’t receiving free health care.

I also think that since only 91. 8% of births were attended by actual trained personnel, this also take an effect on the rate. With this being said I think that there should be a law made that requires that every child be delivered by trained personnel. Another way for the infant mortalities rate to decrease is to help residents in Peru obtain stable jobs, and to get yearly checkups for these diseases.

10 December 2020
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