Major Religious Aspects Governing About Organ Donation And Transportation
The official position of a religion towards organ donation and transplantation plays an important role in convincing the community in accepting .
In Islam, the permissibility of organ transplantation and donation is not specifically mentioned in the main sources of reference, namely the Quran and Hadith. Basically, organ transplantation and donation are permissible in Islam. This is because organ transplantation and donation fulfil the requirement in the preservation of human life, which is one of the five objectives in maqasid al-syar‘iyyah (objectives of the Islamic law).
Islam holds life to be sacred and the human body inviolable. Living or dead, it belongs to God and none may mutilate it or remove any organs in view of any form of commerce. And yet the Koran and the hadiths also stress the importance of the principle of necessity according to which it is possible to contravene religious prohibitions if the transplant is carried out to save another life. In the Surah of the Koran entitled “Al-Maida” (“The Table Spread With Food”), verse 32, it is written that “whomsoever shall save a life saves all humanity.”
Donating organs from a cadaver are not tantamount to mutilation of the corpse or an act of disrespect. The harm done, if any, by removing any organ from a corpse should be weighed against the benefit obtained, and the new life given to the recipient. The principle of saving human life takes precedence over whatever assumed harm would befall the corpse
In the case of living donor, the principle of doing no harm - premium non nocere - is invoked. The donor cannot give one of his vital organs, which would end his life. It is an act of homicide or suicide, both of which are considered among the most detestable crimes in Islam. The donation of an organ whose loss would usually cause no harm, or a minimal increased risk to the health or life of the donor, is acceptable if the benefit to the recipient is greater than the harm. It invokes the principle of accepting the lesser harm when faced with two evils. The harm done by the disease, which can kill a human life, is not to be compared with the harm incurred by donation.
Organ transplantation is a new method of treatment that can save many human lives and improve the quality of life for many others.. ( The donation of organs is an act of charity, benevolence, altruism and love for mankind. God loves those who love fellow humans and try to mitigate the agony and sorrow of others and relieve their misfortunes. Any action carried out with good intentions and which aims at helping others is respected and indeed encouraged, provided no harm is inflicted. The human body is the property of God; ).. Human organs are not a commodity. They should be donated freely in response to an altruistic feeling of brotherhood and love for one's fellow beings