The Factors Influencing Women's Land Ownership
Women and land ownership is complicated and various dimension can be conflicting. The main question in this empirical study is the influence of women’s land land ownership on subsisting relation of power household, family and the society. A field of one’s own (1994) have been examined in the specific behalf of unequal gender and class relations and processes of economic and social transformation in rural Bangladesh through an extensive of the village “Jhagrapur”.
Women’s inheritance 1975/2007
Heritage is not only a matter of human rights it adversely affects women’s financial and economic conditions. Heritage is governed by a person’s religion, which have left much of the inheritance process of women discriminatory. This has raised the need for uniform and secular code of family to deal not only with the inheritance issue, but with issues such as guardianship, divorce and marriage. The present situation of Bangladesh however construct, it specially difficult for female headed households. While the construction says that government will be not discriminate against any citizen or grounds of religion, sex, cast, race or birth place.
In 1975 thirty percent and in 2007, thirty-six percent of the women in the sample whose parents had land inherited. Significantly differences between 1975 and 2007 is not statistics.
Women said that they will or may inherit parental land in future (2007): 18% of the women whose had been promised there share by their parents and brothers they were confident that they would get or claim their share. How women are being discriminated in the societal practice of property distribution in this country. That is examine whether a new system of in heritance property distribution in essential for women. In fact there is a realistic chance that a women’s parents will sell all and most of their property in the course of their life and so the children lose their share inheritance or there brothers use tricks to divert or register the parents property in there own names. Many women in 1975 sample who did not inherit land that they were entitled because there father had sold all his land property in the meantime.
Widows who inherited land from there husband per class (2007): Land property is the best resources to reduce poverty rather than any other economic conditions. Although women can inherit or own a part of her father’s and husband’s landed property we saw that the class position does not seem to play an important role in inheritance of parental land, but in the case of widows inheriting from their husbands , there does appear to be a different.
Class background of landed parental households with daughter married in Jhagrapur. On the one hand the percentage of rich peasant households and the middle and poor peasant households on there is significant. While the differences between middle and poor peasant households are not significant, more women from rich and middle peasant women who have been married within their village, have inherited land compare to the average. The percentage of poor peasant women who have been married within the village and who have inherited is not significantly different from the average percent.
Level of Education
Women who are more educated may be likely to claim their share successfully as they may be better inform about the laws are able to read the land registration documents. Men take advantage when a woman is illiterate. Many women from the land-holding families who have been married within the village. A case study, in one case for instance a father had one son and one daughter. After his death both the son and daughter got their legal share 9 and 4.5 acres. The son who was not content with this arrangement broad on a way to acquire the land his sister had inherited as well. The major of women have not had any education.
Class position is the main fact of economic vulnerability, the relation between a women’s economic vulnerability and her inheritance of land. Bangladeshi women are low income households are heavily includes in economic activities. If a women is married with a rich peasant but has a bad marriage she may be in an equally vulnerable position as a women who is married to a poor peasant it she has no assets of her own. Hardly any women in the village are employed in the village.
The system of social relationship is constitute kinship in a particular cultures including the terminology that is used the reciprocal obligations that’s are end. Women inheritance are post marital residence, distance to a woman’s parental village and the character of the innate family. Education only plays a role in the case of poor peasant women, but opposed to expectations, more educated poor women have received their share than educated poor peasant women.
Women who examine their inheritance share there is interrelation between women’s inheritance of land and class village exogamy and education. Women control over land is in fact more important than ownership itself. To enable full control over land, women should no longer be seen as dependents, but their role in the production process needs to be a professed. This also requires a change in the mindset of people.