Vaccines And Infectious Diseases

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Abstract

The purpose of this article is to review the Past, understanding of the present, and see what the future holds. In addition, to address the importance of vaccines and the infectious diseases that can cause an outbreak in the public health of the country. Also, to examine areas related to vaccinology and infectious diseases. Then to talk about the new technology in vaccine development that could lead to eradication of disease that have protentional affecting the public safety and health well-being.

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Vaccines and Infectious Diseases

There are many types ofvaccines that have been developed over the years to help combat infectious diseases. Now some parents choose whether to give the vaccine to the child or not or just some of them. “There have been 10 vaccines for the 94 low- and middle-class income countries that invested in $34 billion immunization programs that resulted in about $586 billion in savings and reduced cost of illness” (Frew 2012-2014). “There are an estimated 13 for every single birth cohort that nearly 20 million cases of diseases were prevented and that resulted in over 40,000 deaths” (Frew,2012-2014). Vaccines that remain in the viral are 0% Effective even if they are the best in the world.

Vaccinology and infectious diseases

The Past

From the 1820s and 1830 when the in this era they had been vaccinated and protesting the privacy and bodily integrity of themselves. The passage of “1986 of National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act or (NCVIA)”. Vaccines developed in 1940s and 1950s are smallpox, diphtheria, tetanus, and Pertussis but they added the Polio (IPV) in the mid 1950s. By the 1960s more vaccines were developed for Measles Mumps and Rubella. By the 1970s one vaccine was eliminated because smallpox vaccine no longer recommended after 1972 because of eradication effects were successful. The addition hepatitis vaccine was added to recommendation of vaccines in the 1990s.

In the 2014 poll of how many parents accepted or refused the vaccines for their children shows as follow. “About 90. 8% of parents will accept or planning to accept one or more vaccines. Also, about 5. 6% of parents are only delaying and accepting part of the vaccine. While only 3. 6% of Parents refusing one or all vaccines due to religious and other cultural reasonings” (Frew 2012-2014).

The Present. “When the Measles Mumps Rubella or (MMR) was sort to be linked to autism in 1998 but the vaccine rate still remains high in the US” (Poland). The National surveys overlooked the vaccine refusals of local towns all over the US and this resulted in localized outbreaks like the measles and pertussis. Currently there are outbreaks in multiple states of the measles and many parents are concerned due to their child not able to due to their health conditions that cause them not being able to get these vaccines that could kill them.

The Future. Each year they develop a vaccine in hopes that they can maintain the infectious disease to the minimum number of outbreaks possible. With the issues of vaccines fthe future especially with the cases of parents not wanted these vaccines due to the link of Autism which studies show there isn’t much evidences showing this is the cause or not? “According the one article 1 in 2000 or 25 children per month were given the diagnosis of Autism after receiving the vaccine” (Chen 1998 Vol 352 pg 611-20). What is the future for vaccines and requirements for future generations? Is everyone going to be forced to now since we keep having out breaks and deaths due to others be careless about others health?

Importance of Vaccines. Vaccines that are already in the market for the HPV or the human papillomavirus can help many people. The vaccine is called Helicobacter pylori has a slight potential to prevent cancers like some Gastric related cancers. Other vaccines over the years have been improved and some may or may not like the idea of whatever is in these vaccines to go into their children due to neurological disorders that may arise. The only issues now are that why are so many parents out there not vaccinated their children and putting other at risk? Is it too late for them to get vaccinated for some of these infectious diseases especially when they end up in the hospital potentially harming everyone, they come in contact with because nobody know they have this infectious disease yet?

Inconclusion, I believe that everyone should be vaccinated unless their immune system is bad that they have to avoid it at all cost. But then you got the religious sector or the issue. Knowing that you can potentially catch an infectious disease and believe that god or who or what you believe in will protect and heal you. in my opinion I rather have all vaccines and be protector much as possible. Each person has their beliefs and reason why for what they chose to do so not to vaccinated children putting risk to others it’s one of my issues. I be like putting my concerns ou there to school and other places.

References

  1. Frew PM, et al. Changes in childhood immuzations decisions in the US. Results from 2012 & 2014 national Parental, Surveys. Vaccine, 2016; Journal
  2. Poland GA, Jacobson RM. The age-old struggle agaisnt the antivaccinationists. N. Eng J Med 2011;V364:67-9 PubMed, Jounal Review
  3. Chen RT, Destefano F. Vaccine adverse events: causal or coincidental?, Lncet, 1998,vol. 351 (Pg. 611-20)
10 October 2020

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